Supplier Spotlight

Video Exclusives

The next-gen valvetrain?

gtr

Camcon Automotive has developed a digitally controlled intelligent valve operation, which it states can significantly increases engine economy and flexibility.


EV lap records

gtr

NIO showcases its blistering Nurburgring Nordschleife lap time, as it topples the existing record.


Click here/on image to watch video

Web Exclusives

« back to listing

In-cylinder simulations

Convergent Science explains how Ford used its Converge CFD advanced combustion modelling tool for faster simulation runs when developing its latest EcoBlue diesel engines

Convergent Science

 

The global automaker Ford has used an innovative combustion modelling tool for the development of its new EcoBlue range of high-efficiency diesel engines. The Converge CFD software package from Convergent Science has been used by the Ford engineers to develop the new 2-liter EcoBlue diesel engines available in the Ford Transit.

“The use of Converge has allowed us to run high quality in-cylinder CFD simulations,” explained Dr Werner Willems, Ford technical specialist for combustion systems. “We used Converge to refine a number of features on the EcoBlue, including the shape of the combustion chamber, the piston bowl geometry and the fuel injection parameters.”

In particular, Dr Willems and his colleagues used the package during the development of the EcoBlue’s innovative mirror-image intake ports. In a first for Ford, the symmetrical design of the integrated inlet manifold causes the air going to cylinders one and two to swirl clockwise, while the supply to cylinders three and four swirls anti-clockwise.

“The two sets of ports are essentially mirror images of each other,” explained Dr Willems. “When you have a lot of variation between the airflow you’re always focusing on getting the weakest cylinder to work properly, which means the others are being held back. Our mirrored port design improves the distribution of air between the cylinders, which reduces emissions and fuel consumption.”

This contributes to the EcoBlue’s impressive environmental credentials, which include a 13% reduction in fuel economy compared to its predecessor, as well as significant reductions in tailpipe emissions.

CFD studies are a powerful tool in engine development, but they have traditionally been a time-consuming and complex process. Converge, however, reduces the amount of manual input required by automating the meshing process carried out before the simulation.

What’s more, it uses a function known as Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR) to regenerate the grid at each time-step, re-structuring it to accommodate changes in geometry or activity. That means that events such as valve opening and piston motion can be modelled without stretching or skewing the mesh, which would incur so-called deformation errors. More importantly, the AMR function is fully coupled with the flow and chemistry solvers, so it can automatically vary the mesh density across the model. By applying a denser mesh in more critical areas but reducing the cell count elsewhere it can dramatically improve the speed-to-accuracy ratio of the simulation.

The Ford engineers are now pressing ahead with development of the EcoBlue range, which will shortly expand to include passenger car variants. Simulation tools such as Converge look set to play a major part in this work, as the company continues to deliver improved fuel economy and reduced emissions.

 

12 October 2016

Read Latest Issue

International Engine of the Year Awards
Read Latest Issue
Read Latest Issue

Web Exclusive Articles

Engines on test: Toyota 2ZR-FE
A new body, which brings increased strength and lighter weight to the party alongside those looks, plug-in capability, and a solar roof mean that whilst familiar, there's an awful lot of all-new in the 2017 Toyota Prius
Read Now

Lowering Friction in timing chain drive systems
DSM Engineering Plastics outlines the importance of timing chain drive systems in the overall role of the IC engine, and as regulators continue to press for more efficient engines timing chains are the one area that can yield further gains
Read Now

Engines on test: Lexus 2UR-GSE 5.0-liter V8
The 5.0-liter, naturally aspirated Lexus GS F is most definitely party up front, business out back; much like a reverse mullet. Only the Japanese super sedan carries it off with much, much more class - and dignity
Read Now


Supplier Spotlight

Supplier SpotlightClick here for listings and information on leading suppliers covering all aspects of the engine technology industry. Want to see your company included? Contact aboobaker.tayub@ukimediaevents.com for more details.

فروشگاه اینترنتی فروشگاه اینترنتی سیستم همکاری در فروش کانال تلگرام چت روم دانلود فیلم مرکز خرید ایرانیان

Submit your industry opinion

Industry BlogDo you have an opinion you'd like to share with the engine technology community? We'd like to hear your views and opinions on the leading issues shaping the industry. Share your comments by sending up to 500 words to d.slavnich@ukimediaevents.com

Submit Your Recruitment Ad

Recruitment AdTo send us your recruitment advertising or to receive information on placing a banner please email aboobaker.tayub@ukimediaevents.com